Ostróda Castle

The first Teutonic stronghold in the area comes from 1270.[2] This was a wooden structure,

ostroda castle

located on a former Prussian gord, located on a small island in between the waters of the Lake Dwęrcki and the River Drwęca. The castle in Ostróda was at first the headquarters for the Starosta of Ostróda, who was subordinate to the authority of the Komtur of Dzierzgoń. A new stronghold was built between 1350 and 1370. The Komtur of Ostróda Günter von Hohenstein is known for raising the castle in Ostróda and Teutonic Castle in Świecie. In contrast with the castle in Świecie, the Ostróda castle had no towers, which were rare in Teutonic architecture up until the fourteenth century. In 1381, two castle structures existed, a new and old, which were both burned down by Lithuanian Duke Kęstutis.[3]

 

From a Teutonic scripture: “…castrum Osterode novum cum antiquoplene exustum est” – (the new castle in Ostróda together with the old one was completely burned down).

Getting ready for the new war with the Kingdom of Poland, the castle was surrounded by a moat. The moat was filled with water. The moat was filled in with soil in the eighteenth century. The access point from the east of the castle was by a bascule bridge, which led to a granite gate. The village surrounding the castle served means for keeping storage, brewery and a forge. In the Battle of Grunwald the castle was used to support the defence against the Polish army.[4] The castle became greatly diminished in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. During World War II the castle was burned down by the Wehrmacht Army. The castle’s reconstruction began in 1974. Currently, the castle houses a gallery, library and a museum.[5]

 

 

References

  1.  “Main Page”Centre of Culture. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  2.  “Ostróda Castle”Zamki Polskie. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  3.  “Museum”Ostróda Online. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  4.  “History”Ostróda Castle. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  5.  “Ostróda Castle”Gothic Castles. Retrieved 28 September 2015.

Ostróda Information

Ostróda [ɔsˈtruda] (GermanAbout this sound Osterode in Ostpreußen Old PrussianAustrāti) is a town in Ostróda County in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland, with 33,191 inhabitants as of December 31, 2009.

Geography

Ostroda, Przystan jachtowa na jeziorze Drweckim. EU, Pl, Warm-Maz. Lotnicze.

The town lies in the west of the his­toric Ma­suria re­gion on the Drwęca river, a right trib­u­tary of the Vis­tulaLake Drwęca west of the town is part of the Ma­surian Lake Dis­trict. Ostróda has be­come a grow­ing tourist site owing to its re­lax­ing nat­ural surroundings.

The Na­tional road 7 from Gdańsk to War­saw, part of Eu­ro­pean route E77, passes through Ostróda. The Elbląg Canal con­nects Ostróda with the Baltic coast.

History

Ostróda Castle

At the site of an orig­i­nal Old Pruss­ian set­tle­ment on an is­land at the river delta where the Drwęca river flows into Lake Drwęca the town of Ostróda evolved. In 1270 the Teu­tonic Order began con­struct­ing wooden earth­works to con­trol the orig­i­nal set­tle­ment as well as de­fend the ini­tial Mazurian and Ger­man set­tlers. The knights named the new town Os­terode after Os­terode am Harz in Lower Sax­onyGer­many (now a sis­ter citywith Ostróda). Be­tween 1349-1370 the Order re­placed the wood-and-earth fort with a stone cas­tle. The town, whose char­ter tra­di­tion­ally dates to 1335, quickly be­came a re­gional ad­min­is­tra­tive cen­ter for the Order.

After the Bat­tle of Grun­wald in 1410, Klaus von Döhrin­gen con­quered Os­terode’s cas­tle and de­liv­ered the town to the vic­to­ri­ous Władysław II of Poland. The Pol­ish king brought the body of Ul­rich von Jungin­gen there be­fore trav­el­ling to be­siege Marien­burg (Mal­bork); the re­group­ing Teu­tonic Knights re­cap­tured Ostróda a few months later.

Dur­ing the Thir­teen Years’ War (1454–1466), Os­terode was re­peat­edly cap­tured by both the Poles and Pruss­ian Con­fed­er­a­tion on one side and the Teu­tonic Knights on the other. From 1525 until 1701 Os­terode was part of Ducal Prus­sia, a fief of Poland, and after 1701 part of King­dom of Prus­sia. The ma­jor­ity of in­hab­i­tants were Protes­tant and the Evan­gel­i­cal church books date back to 17th cen­tury. In 1818 it be­came the seat of a Kreis (dis­trict) within the King­dom of Prus­sia. In 1871 Os­terode was in­cluded in the newly formed Ger­man Reich.

Dur­ing World War I and the 1914 Bat­tle of Tan­nen­berg, Gen­eral Paul von Hin­den­burghad his 8th Army head­quar­ters at the Os­terode schoolhouse.

Os­terode lost its pre-war Jew­ish pop­u­la­tion in the Holo­caust. Most of the Os­terode cit­i­zens had fled dur­ing the evac­u­a­tion of East Prus­sia, when on 21 Jan­u­ary 1945 Os­terode was cap­tured by the So­viet Red Army with­out fight­ing. How­ever, about 70% of the town was de­stroyed by arson at­tacks af­ter­wards. With the con­quest by the So­viet Union and the Pots­dam Agree­ment, the town be­came part of Poland and the re­main­ing Ger­man pop­u­la­tion was ex­pelled.

While it was pre­vi­ously in Ol­sz­tyn Voivode­ship from 1975 to 1998, Ostróda has been sit­u­ated in the Warmian-Ma­surian Voivode­ship since 1999.

 

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Ostróda is twinned with:

Notable residents

 The Elbląg Canal in Ostróda
The Elbląg Canal in Ostróda