Ostróda Information

Ostróda [ɔsˈtruda] (GermanAbout this sound Osterode in Ostpreußen Old PrussianAustrāti) is a town in Ostróda County in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland, with 33,191 inhabitants as of December 31, 2009.


Ostroda, Przystan jachtowa na jeziorze Drweckim. EU, Pl, Warm-Maz. Lotnicze.

The town lies in the west of the his­toric Ma­suria re­gion on the Drwęca river, a right trib­u­tary of the Vis­tulaLake Drwęca west of the town is part of the Ma­surian Lake Dis­trict. Ostróda has be­come a grow­ing tourist site owing to its re­lax­ing nat­ural surroundings.

The Na­tional road 7 from Gdańsk to War­saw, part of Eu­ro­pean route E77, passes through Ostróda. The Elbląg Canal con­nects Ostróda with the Baltic coast.


Ostróda Castle

At the site of an orig­i­nal Old Pruss­ian set­tle­ment on an is­land at the river delta where the Drwęca river flows into Lake Drwęca the town of Ostróda evolved. In 1270 the Teu­tonic Order began con­struct­ing wooden earth­works to con­trol the orig­i­nal set­tle­ment as well as de­fend the ini­tial Mazurian and Ger­man set­tlers. The knights named the new town Os­terode after Os­terode am Harz in Lower Sax­onyGer­many (now a sis­ter citywith Ostróda). Be­tween 1349-1370 the Order re­placed the wood-and-earth fort with a stone cas­tle. The town, whose char­ter tra­di­tion­ally dates to 1335, quickly be­came a re­gional ad­min­is­tra­tive cen­ter for the Order.

After the Bat­tle of Grun­wald in 1410, Klaus von Döhrin­gen con­quered Os­terode’s cas­tle and de­liv­ered the town to the vic­to­ri­ous Władysław II of Poland. The Pol­ish king brought the body of Ul­rich von Jungin­gen there be­fore trav­el­ling to be­siege Marien­burg (Mal­bork); the re­group­ing Teu­tonic Knights re­cap­tured Ostróda a few months later.

Dur­ing the Thir­teen Years’ War (1454–1466), Os­terode was re­peat­edly cap­tured by both the Poles and Pruss­ian Con­fed­er­a­tion on one side and the Teu­tonic Knights on the other. From 1525 until 1701 Os­terode was part of Ducal Prus­sia, a fief of Poland, and after 1701 part of King­dom of Prus­sia. The ma­jor­ity of in­hab­i­tants were Protes­tant and the Evan­gel­i­cal church books date back to 17th cen­tury. In 1818 it be­came the seat of a Kreis (dis­trict) within the King­dom of Prus­sia. In 1871 Os­terode was in­cluded in the newly formed Ger­man Reich.

Dur­ing World War I and the 1914 Bat­tle of Tan­nen­berg, Gen­eral Paul von Hin­den­burghad his 8th Army head­quar­ters at the Os­terode schoolhouse.

Os­terode lost its pre-war Jew­ish pop­u­la­tion in the Holo­caust. Most of the Os­terode cit­i­zens had fled dur­ing the evac­u­a­tion of East Prus­sia, when on 21 Jan­u­ary 1945 Os­terode was cap­tured by the So­viet Red Army with­out fight­ing. How­ever, about 70% of the town was de­stroyed by arson at­tacks af­ter­wards. With the con­quest by the So­viet Union and the Pots­dam Agree­ment, the town be­came part of Poland and the re­main­ing Ger­man pop­u­la­tion was ex­pelled.

While it was pre­vi­ously in Ol­sz­tyn Voivode­ship from 1975 to 1998, Ostróda has been sit­u­ated in the Warmian-Ma­surian Voivode­ship since 1999.


International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Ostróda is twinned with:

Notable residents

 The Elbląg Canal in Ostróda
The Elbląg Canal in Ostróda

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